The KARELIAN BEAR DOGOther names:
Karelischer Barenhund, Karjalankarhukoira, Karelsk BjornhundOrigin:
big-game hunting (bear, wolf, moose, elk, lynx, wild boar etc.)Recognition:
FCI, CKC, AKC, ACR, NAPR, NKC HISTORY:
This breed of hunting dogs emerged at the begining of the 20th century in Finland, more precisely in a part of Finland that was under the occupation of Soviet Russia at that time. However, dogs displaying the breed`s characteristics were present in the area long before the breed was officially recognized. It is believed that both the KBD`s ancestors as well as those of the Russo-European Laika are the original hardy and versatile hunting dogs that were brought to Finalnd by the first human settlers.
For a long time the KBD was virtually unknown outside Finland, Norway and Sweden, where hunters were keen on breeding these fearless hunting companions. The breed becam more pupular after it was exhibited, for the first time, at a dog show in Helsinki, in 1936. However, like many other European breeds, World War II almost drove it to extinction. As a constant reminder of what almost happened, it is known that almost all of today`s purebred KBDs have lines originating from the 40 pure KBDs selected after the War, as part of an intensive breeding programme.
Nowadays, the KBD is becoming more and more popular, especially in the Nordic European countries and in North America. The breed`s excellent working abilities, prey drive and good nature around humans have captured the attention of big-game hunters worldwide. This is why this breed is used for bear control in Glacier and Yosemite National Parks.CHARACTERISTICS:
These are extremely intelligent dogs that are valued by hunters and non-hunters alike.
KBDs are loyal pets, hard working and very protective of their family. Being a tenacious hunting breed, they need a firm owner, as well as socialization and training from an early age, as they can become excessively territorial and dominating.
The breed is absolutely NOT recommended for unexperienced dog owners or for living inside. In fact, KBDs will not tolerate living in an apartment and, most likely, will turn into any owner`s nightmare by being destructive. The perfect house for a KBD is a farm or a very big yard. Training is required in order to prevent them from wandering on their own, as their prey drive is formidable.
KBDs may display aggression towards other dogs and animals. Early socialization and firm handling may overcome this problem.COAT:
- medium short and straight coat with a thick and soft undercoat
- accepted colors: black with white markings (ideally 70% black and 30% white)SIZE:
- Height: 19-23 inches (48-58 cm)
- Weight: 44-50 pounds (20-23 kg)
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